Hans Holbein (the Younger), 1497 to 1543, was one of the most prominent artists of the Renaissance. He was known for his portraits and religious paintings which exhibited realism similar to the later Dutch masters. Holbein was born in Augsburg, in the Holy Roman Empire. He worked in Basel primarily on murals, book prints, and occasional portraits. His stature increased following his portrait of Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam. He then moved on to England where he painted Thomas More and many portraits of Henry VIII and his family. His masterpiece, during this period, may have been the painting The Ambassadors, painted in 1533, and now hanging in the National Gallery in London.