McDowell's Mill Fort in Markes, Pennsylvania, 1753-1840
Pamela A Bakker
by Pamela A Bakker French and Indian War to the Establishment of a New Nation Bakker painstakingly reconstructs McDowell's Mill Fort using information in the Pennsylvania State Archives’ Colonial Records, Minutes...
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French and Indian War to the Establishment of a New Nation
Bakker painstakingly reconstructs McDowell's Mill Fort using information in the Pennsylvania State Archives’ Colonial Records, Minutes of the Assembly, colonial tax records, surveys, regional histories and more, often through the voices of those living in the region. The Governor of Pennsylvania stockaded the pre-existing mill and named it a Chief Fort to hold the Penn colony’s supplies for British General Braddock’s campaign against the French in the Pittsburgh area. A road was constructed from that site west. When that campaign failed, the settlers were left defenseless as British troops retreated, and they were forced to organize themselves into militia to form a line of defense for the western part of the colony along the Appalachian Mountains.
The fort stood through the burning of farms and fields, assaults by western Indian bands led by French officers; Pontiac’s warriors during his rebellion; regional starvation and distress; the Black Boys' assault on nearby British Fort Loudon, long before events at Boston; and the Revolutionary War with a number of men who had served at the fort enlisted as officers in the Continental Army through the entire length of that war, including the miller who became a Lieutenant/surgeon recorded at places like the Valley Forge encampment. The fort was razed in 1840 and only state markers remain.
Bakker helps the reader see the growing pressure in Pennsylvania as colonists interacted with their seemingly indifferent pacifistic Quaker Assembly; sister colonies who fought for Pennsylvania land; British Parliament as they levied taxes to recover losses incurred from their fight with the French; dissatisfied Native American tribes forced to submit to land deals brokered by a confederation in which they had no voice; and African slaves worked long hours under bondage to help colonists prosper. It is a story of perseverance and passion as people struggled to achieve the American dream through seemingly insurmountable odds.
Page Count: 330
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Publish Date: Jume 19, 2020
Imprint: Sunbury Press
HISTORY / United States / State & Local / Middle Atlantic
HISTORY / United States / Colonial Period
HISTORY / United States / Revolutionary Period