The Relations Between the Pennsylvania Germans and the British Authorities, 1750-1776
Arthur D Graeff
2nd Edition This newly revised edition of Arthur Graeff’s doctoral dissertation remains one of the best summaries of the contributions and attitudes of the Pennsylvania Germans during the colonial period, a formative time in...
Out of stock
This newly revised edition of Arthur Graeff’s doctoral dissertation remains one of the best summaries of the contributions and attitudes of the Pennsylvania Germans during the colonial period, a formative time in American history. Today’s scholars will find a tale of immigration, cultural differences, and misunderstandings. They will also read about important contributions often overlooked or buried in other narratives of the period. This second revised edition of Arthur Graeff's 1939 book contains copious footnotes, numerous pictures, and a thorough index missing from the first edition.
CHAPTER I: The Strangers Welcomed
- German immigrants unlike other national groups settling in America
- Difficulties encountered
- Early Religious groups
- William Penn’s invitation
- Conditions in Germany
- England’s generosity-Logan’s letters
- Large number of immigrants from Germany
- Estimates of the German population in 1755
- The Newlanders
- Proposals to build a pest house for German immigrants
- Controversy between Governor Thomas and the Assembly
- Franklin fears that Pennsylvania will become a German colony
- Shortcomings of a part of the German clergy
- Suspicion that Germans incline to French interest
- Attempt to check German influence
CHAPTER II: Anglicizing the Germans
- The Charity School Movement
- Wiliam Smith’s letters
- Evidences of German culture
- Literacy among the Germans
- Linguistic attainments
- Aims of the Charity Schools
- First schools organize
- Germans’ attitude toward Charity schools
- German newspaper published by the Society
- Summary of the movement
CHAPTER III: Suspicions
- Incidents of 1754:
- Smith’s letter to Reverend Chandler
- Riot in Iron Works
- the election of 1754
- German support of the Quakers in the Assembly
- Addresses by various groups of Germans pledging loyalty
- Charges against the Germans published in England
- Intercepted French letters
- Suspicion of the Catholics
- Census of Catholics
- Suspicion of a Popish plot
- Absurdity of these suspicions
CHAPTER IV: Braddock’s Expedition
- The preliminaries
- Various claims to the lands beyond the mountains
- Route of March
- Failure of Virginia and Maryland to provide wagons for Braddock
- Threat to enter Pennsylvania
- The Conference at Frederick
- Franklin advertises for teams
- Germans furnish horses and wagons
- A question of motives
- Difficulties of the journey
- Disaster at Fort Duquesne
- The Germans escape
- Settlement of the claims of the wagon owners
CHAPTER V: The Unguarded Frontier
- Germans settled on Frontiers
- Warned of danger
- Results of Braddock’s defeat
- Description of frontier forts
- Inadequate protection afforded
- Failure of Assembly to provide protection
- Controversies between governor and assembly
- Relations between Scotch-Irish and Indians
- Causes of friction between whites and Indians
- The friendly Indians appeal to the assembly
- The alarm
CHAPTER VI: The Victims of Neglect
- Early raids
- Tulpehocken massacres
- Volunteer companies formed
- Holding Swatara Gap
- The Alsace volunteers
- The Gnadenhutten massacres
- Proof of a concerted Indian attack
- Reports of the terrors of the raids
- Volunteer relief work by Mennonites
- Quaker neglect
CHAPTER VII: The Germans Force the Assembly to Act
- Reason for German support of Quaker policies before 1755
- Disproportionate representation in the Assembly
- Petitions of Germans
- Attempts of Governor Morris unavailing
- Threats to invade city
- Quaker petition
- Public anger
- The approach of the “mob”
- Their demands
- Their conduct
- Results of the “invasion”
CHAPTER VIII: Provisions for Defense
- The Militia Act
- Continued Indian incursions
- Building frontier forts
- Franklin and Weiser superintend construction
- Garrisoning the Forts
- Appraisal of effectiveness of the forts
- The declaration of war against the Indians
- The Easton Treaty 1756-7
- The formation of the regiment of Royal Americans, mostly Germans
- Activities of this regiment in French and Indian War
CHAPTER IX: The Forbes Expedition
- Renewed effort against Duquesne
- Forbes impresses wagons in Pennsylvania
- Germans in Forbes’ army
- The Royal Americans
- Building a road across Pennsylvania
- Post, a missionary sent to treat with Indians under French control
- Post’s travels, his courage
- results of his work
CHAPTER X: The Close of the War
- Return of Forbes’ army
- Troops quartered on residents of Lancaster and Reading
- Removal of troops
- Stanwix tries to obtain wagons for Amherst
- Forbes’ accounts unsettled
- Germans reluctant to furnish teams until paid
- Causes of Pontiac’s uprising 1763
- German settlements west of mountain
- Attacks upon forts in northwestern Pennsylvania
- Attack on Fort Pitt–Bouquet’s Expedition
- Royal Americans
- Bushy Run
CHAPTER XI: The Paxton Boys
- The Conestoga Indians
- The massacre
- The Lancaster murders
- Disposal of Moravian Indians
- Treat of the Paxton men
- Alarm in Philadelphia
- Quakers take up arms
- The riot
- Paxton boys try to involve Germans in the Crimes
- Remonstrances of Berks County Justices
- Attitude of Germans toward the Paxton men
CHAPTER XII: Petition for a Royal Province
- Heads of Complaints
- Proprietors answer-Controversy over supply Bill
- The Quakers petition for Royal Province
- The Scotch-Irish oppose
- Germans withdraw from Quaker control
- Election of 1764
- Attempts to recall the petitions
- Unfair representation
- Fate of the petition
CHAPTER XIII: Preliminaries of the Revolution
- Effect of the Stamp Act
- Franklin before Parliament
- Muhlenberg’s attitude
- Expression in the Staatsbote
- The repeal
- The Townshend Acts
- Germans not concerned with abstract questions involved
- A question of Liberty roused them
CHAPTER XIV: The Germans Turn the Balance for Independence
- Ethnological map of Pennsylvania 1775
- Germans forsake Quakers
- Ally themselves with Scotch-Irish
- Changed type of immigrants from Germany after 1727
- Effect of Boston Port Bill
- German Committees of Correspondence
- The Whigs and Tories of 1775
- The Constitutional Convention of 1776
- The Germans join in the struggle for independence
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Publish Date: December 23, 2020
HISTORY / United States / Colonial Period (1600-1775)
HISTORY / US History / Mid-Atlantic
You might also like ...
$19.95Like a single frame Film Noir, each image follo...Like a single frame Film Noir, each image follows a different protagonist as they navigate through their daily lives. A collection of candid shots reflecting on the beauty of the everyday, and the...
$9.99"The Immigrant's Wife is a vivid and hauntin..."The Immigrant's Wife is a vivid and haunting novel told with great precision and heart. You can't help but root for Charles and Anna, two star-crossed strivers making their way in an unforgivin...
$19.95A Connor Stark Novel. Connor Stark returns in...A Connor Stark Novel. Connor Stark returns in this high-stakes naval thriller in the South China Sea. Connor Stark has foiled China’s efforts to change political landscapes twice before. But Chi...
$19.95Essays on Naval Warfare, 1776 – 1945 War at Sea...Essays on Naval Warfare, 1776 – 1945 War at Sea is a collection of 21 essays and articles on naval warfare from the American Revolution to the end of the Second World War. In this book are some of ...
$24.95Meet Leo…. A dog full of kindness, wisdom, and ...Meet Leo…. A dog full of kindness, wisdom, and helpful advice. Letters to Leo is a story made up of friendly letters between Leo and kids who are dealing with difficult situations. Leo responds to ...
$9.99This volume, and subsequent volumes, include ac...This volume, and subsequent volumes, include accounts of the author’s explorations of little-traveled byways and remote hilltops in the mountains of Pennsylvania. His descriptions and photos of th...
$9.99A History of Irving College With the passage of...A History of Irving College With the passage of time, do most current residents of Mechanicsburg, Pa. even know its borough once had college? And that it was only for women? Beyond a State of Pen...
$9.99My mom says she is an alien, but I am not so su...My mom says she is an alien, but I am not so sure. She does sound funny when she speaks, and she eats weird food. Sometimes I think I see antennae sticking out the top of her head. She does not dri...
$19.95The rediscovered, early work of the legendary a...The rediscovered, early work of the legendary artist Jack Kirby and other cartoonists found in The Getsinger Find Finding Jack Kirby in a Pile of Zinc is part of the “Getsinger Find.” The author, ...
$14.95Enter the enchanting world of ballet through th...Enter the enchanting world of ballet through the eyes of the legendary dance and theater critic Clive Barnes, and others like him, whose views on dance and theater will both intrigue and captivate ...
$9.99by Ashley Lucas This year, Boo and his friends ...by Ashley Lucas This year, Boo and his friends want to throw a Halloween party at his haunted house. He hopes the popular kids will come and everyone will have a great time... but there are a few s...
$9.99Pennsylvania's Grandest Cavern and Beautiful La...Pennsylvania's Grandest Cavern and Beautiful Lake Karoondinha Henry Wharton Shoemaker's legendary guide to Penn’s Cave in Centre County, Pennsylvania, includes many myths and legends sure to provid...
$19.95An uncontrollable series of events transform th...An uncontrollable series of events transform the lives of two teenagers the night of RFK’s assassination. The unforgettable heroine of A Theory of Expanded Love returns in this coming-of-age advent...
$19.95A Theory of Expanded Love is a coming-of-age st...A Theory of Expanded Love is a coming-of-age story featuring an unflinching, gullible skeptic, trapped in her enormous Catholic family in 1963. On the verge of adolescence, Annie Shea is young enou...
$19.95When the man who had kidnapped and nearly kille...When the man who had kidnapped and nearly killed Audrey Markum was arrested and bound for trial, she thought the worst was behind her. Then the panic attacks began. Throughout the summer Audrey has...
$0.00Knowing Nature in Northern Appalachia Smoke to ...Knowing Nature in Northern Appalachia Smoke to See By is a collection of 21 essays and stories, many never before published, written by award-winning essayist and columnist Ben Moyer. The collectio...
$19.95The autobiography of New Jersey State Trooper S...The autobiography of New Jersey State Trooper Sal Maggio, who served from 1967 until retirement in 2000 Sal Maggio dropped out of college, and joined the NJ Army National Guard. Then he entered the...
$9.99Fredric Klees' The Pennsylvania Dutch is the be...Fredric Klees' The Pennsylvania Dutch is the best and most inclusive volume with an over-all approach to its subject. "I have tried," he says, "to make this book a comprehensive treatment of the Pe...
$6.99It was a cruel turn of fate that bonded Jeffrey...It was a cruel turn of fate that bonded Jeffrey Claus to the master of the Ribner Trading Post, who knew more than he would say about the disappearance of the one document that could give Jeffrey h...
$19.95Herbert Stover was best known for his full-le...Herbert Stover was best known for his full-length historical novels full of action and historic figures, always with a twist of romance. However, before he sold his first novel to a New York publ...
$19.95Riley Shepard Brown has recounted the history o...Riley Shepard Brown has recounted the history of the United States Coast Guard, from its inception in 1790 until the outset of World War I. From the Revenue Marine to the Coast Guard Iron Men, Wo...
$9.99Author Cheryl Woodruff-Brooks introduces a new ...Author Cheryl Woodruff-Brooks introduces a new generation of children to the story of the life of Madame Sara Spencer Washington, founder of Apex News and Hair Company, once located in Atlantic Cit...
$19.95The beleaguered forces of General George Washi...The beleaguered forces of General George Washington were hard pressed by a well-equipped British army outside Philadelphia. Patriot victory depended upon the Spanish gold and powder that Colonel G...
$19.95The Underground Railroad was the only avenue o...The Underground Railroad was the only avenue of hope for fugitive slaves who followed the star of freedom north to Canada in the years prior to the Civil War. High rewards offered for the return o...
$19.95The Union forces faced disaster on two sides....The Union forces faced disaster on two sides. Confederate troops advanced determinedly from the South while, in the North, an amorphous army of deserters was being organized to strike at the back...
$9.99The Northern Appalachia Review is an annual pub...The Northern Appalachia Review is an annual publication making a place for the under-recognized literature of its region. The editors identify northern Appalachia as the Appalachia counties of Ohio...
$19.95Joe Farrell, Joe Farley, and Lawrence Knorr hav...Joe Farrell, Joe Farley, and Lawrence Knorr have combed New York and Pennsylvania for the gravesites and biographies of some of our most interesting and accomplished authors, musicians, actors, and...
$24.95A Family Saga Alice Lea plants a rock garden, ...A Family Saga Alice Lea plants a rock garden, but when Charlie Lukas brashly promises her roses along with a marriage proposal, she jumps at the chance for storybook happiness. Alice falls ill the...
$19.95Henry Shoemaker compiled these legendary tales ...Henry Shoemaker compiled these legendary tales set in the Juniata Valley of central Pennsylvania. Shoemaker's tales recall the transition of the landscape from forest to industrial logging and the ...
$14.95It is 1968 during a decade that has been labell...It is 1968 during a decade that has been labelled one of the most turbulent in history. The headlines are bold with many social and political movements happening including the Women’s Rights Moveme...
$19.95Henry Shoemaker compiled these folk tales set i...Henry Shoemaker compiled these folk tales set in the Black Forest of north-central Pennsylvania. Shoemaker's stories recall the decline of big game in the region and the exit of the native peoples ...
$19.95A dead mother. An auctioned childhood home. Los...A dead mother. An auctioned childhood home. Loss in the womb of a coal mine. Seldom Seen follows Brander, an Illinois native who moves to Alaska after high school to trap game and escape the hardsh...
$19.95Vermonter Mona Duval loves the covered bridge b...Vermonter Mona Duval loves the covered bridge beside her store. She loves local history and the rugged, rural nature of her home state. But when an ice storm collapses the bridge, she is bereft. Fr...
$16.95Vengeance of the Last Roman Legion: Book 4 “Whe...Vengeance of the Last Roman Legion: Book 4 “Where there is unity, there is the victory” – Syrus The most impossible invasion in history has begun. Two armies, one modern and armed with advanced we...
$14.95by Bob Ford Bramble Rambles is a collection of ...by Bob Ford Bramble Rambles is a collection of reflections (rambles) from Pastor Ford which were composed while he was exercising his hounds in the field (brambles) at dawn. They are intended to b...
$19.95A Pennsylvania Posthistory This is the first bo...A Pennsylvania Posthistory This is the first book about how the Pennsylvania anthracite story is told in the postindustrial age, and it places this discourse in the broader context of environmental...
$19.95A desperate English king had turned loose the s...A desperate English king had turned loose the swarms of native warriors to threaten the northern regions of the Susquehanna with death and plunder. General Knox called on Simon Braide to make the v...
$19.95Final Touchstones tells the story of four broth...Final Touchstones tells the story of four brothers leaving Sicily for America in the early 1900s. The author’s maternal grandfather is the seminal figure from age three through his later emigration...
$19.95Henry Shoemaker compiled these folk tales set i...Henry Shoemaker compiled these folk tales set in the Bald Eagle Mountains of central Pennsylvania. Shoemaker's stories recall the decline of big game in the region and the exit of the native people...
$19.95From Tom Tresh to Bryce Harper “The worst curse...From Tom Tresh to Bryce Harper “The worst curse in life is unlimited potential.” - Ken Brett High expectations come with being labeled “the next Mickey Mantle.” But once the media or an organizati...
$19.95Mahantongo Valley Pioneers Steve and Joan Trout...Mahantongo Valley Pioneers Steve and Joan Troutman recount the history of the Odenwald pioneer Peter Trautmann family who settled in the Mahantongo Valley near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania. Included ...
$24.95Quaker scholar Joseph Walton compiled an excell...Quaker scholar Joseph Walton compiled an excellent record of the discourse between the colonists and the various native nations during the colonial period in the Mid-Atlantic from primary sources. ...
$29.95EDUCATION EDITION One Woman’s Remarkable Escape...EDUCATION EDITION One Woman’s Remarkable Escape from Nazi Germany The peaceful farm life of a teenage girl in Germany is abruptly upended when WWII comes knocking at her family’s door. One month b...
$29.95FAITH-BASED EDITION One Woman’s Remarkable Esca...FAITH-BASED EDITION One Woman’s Remarkable Escape from Nazi Germany The peaceful farm life of a teenage girl in Germany is abruptly upended when WWII comes knocking at her family’s door. One month...
$9.99It’s time to change the way we define the natur...It’s time to change the way we define the nature of work. It’s not about obligation. It’s not about completing tasks. It’s about leading a life of contribution and meaning. But how do you build a c...
$9.99by John L Moore Revolutionary Pennsylvania Seri...by John L Moore Revolutionary Pennsylvania Series Months after the October 1781 surrender of the British army at Yorktown, pro-British Indians continued to raid American frontier settlements along ...
$9.99by John L Moore Revolutionary Pennsylvania Seri...by John L Moore Revolutionary Pennsylvania Series When the American Revolution began in 1775, neither the British nor the Americans wanted to involve the native tribes. “This is a family quarrel be...
$19.95A Marine veteran with PTSD gravitates toward th...A Marine veteran with PTSD gravitates toward the natural world to find refuge from a human world difficult to navigate. The inner beast is always there, always solid, always ready to fully embrace ...
$29.95The Vanderbilts. The Rockefellers. The Carnegie...The Vanderbilts. The Rockefellers. The Carnegies. The Pinchots? In America’s Gilded Age, successful families forged self-made and powerful aristocracies, but history slighted a wealthy, influentia...